Updated: Jan 13
Have you ever rambled up and down the online cosmetic store peering for your makeup product but ended up asking yourself, “Which foundation shade would match my skin tone?” Or Have you ever felt why the makeup looks fake on you but real on others? Well, that is all because you are not using the makeup shade that complements your skin tone.
Figuring out your skin tone can be intimidating, and purchasing the right shades to adorn your complexion is sometimes immense. Your skin tone keeps changing with the weather. The foundation shade you purchase in hot summers when you have tanned skin may not match perfectly in the winter.
These days, most females buy their makeup products online and end up buying the wrong shade. You cannot actually analyze your shade through the pictures. The unmatched foundation, concealer, or blush can make you an apricot clown if you are not accurate while choosing your makeup shades.
Your base needs to merge effortlessly with your natural skin tone in order to achieve a no-makeup kind of look. Determining your skin tone is of the utmost importance for achieving this goal.
What does Skin's Undertone Mean
Your skin tone and your skin's undertone are two sides of the same coin. Your skin tone is the color you see in a bare face. Your skin tone can change depending on factors like exposure to ultraviolet rays and changes in weather conditions.
Your skin's undertone is the underlying permanent color that your skin tone emits, including warm, cool, or neutral tone), says Poonam Lalwani, an expert in Hair and Makeup from Pune.
You can choose your foundation shade by observing your skin's undertone. But the question here is how to know your undertone? Well, it is not complicated. All you need to do is look at the veins on your wrist and observe the hue that comes from the veins.
Cool Undertone: Blue/Purple veins. If your veins show a blue or blue-purple hue, you clearly come under cool undertones. Eye shadows with blue-colored tones with red, pink, or purple shades of lipstick and pale, rosy blushes emphasize this undertone.
Warm Undertone: Green/Olive veins. If you can clearly see the green veins and mostly gold suits you, then; you fall into the warm undertone category. Earthy brown eye shadows with golden highlighter, coral blush, and darker red lips elaborate this undertone.
Neutral Undertone: Blue-green veins. If you have both blue and olive-green veins, you come under a neutral undertone. People who come in this undertone are lucky enough to carry almost every color of their choice. You can consider wearing colors that complement your eyes and hair.
Identify Your Skin Tone by Brand
Since everyone’s skin complexion is different, you must consider buying makeup according to your skin tone. Sometimes, it could be tricky for some people to fit into a specific skin tone because pigmentations around some parts of the face or undertones vary to their skin tone.
However, many top brands break this undertone and skin tone confusion by describing each shade for a particular skin tone. There are different undertones and diverse shade ranges that come from their products. You must understand their product shade range.
Start by finding in which category your skin tone falls. Is it fair, light, medium, tan, or dark? It is ideal to figure out your complexion when you won’t have excessive sun exposure or extreme weather that could influence your skin tone.
There are three different skin tones that you can consider
Light: History has confirmed that the light or fair skin tones come from Northern European countries that live in snowy or cloudy climates and require little melanin protection. People with pale skin are sensitive to sun exposure and often get sunburn compared to other skin tones. If you come under this skin complexion, be extra careful and apply sunscreens whenever you step out.
Medium: People with this complexion come from the Northern Asian and Southern European regions. This skin tone is the proper balance of light and dark complexion. Finding the ideal matching shade is much easier for them. People come in this shade range, often tan well in the sun.
Dark: Usually, dark complexion people come from Africa and the Middle East region, where there is the most sun exposure.
Patch Test The Foundation on Your Face and Neck:
Once you have identified your skin tone and undertones, finding your matching foundation shades is quite easy.
You only need to go to one of your favorite brand’s websites and explore their foundation shades. They will help you with different shades of various skin tones and undertones. They will also suggest you a matching shade.
The other most accurate method is to patch test the foundation shades on your jawline. Your foundation must match your neck; in order to do this, you must do a patch test by applying foundation from the jaw to the neck.
The shade which matches your skin perfectly is the one for you. But some foundations oxidize after some time, so keep that thing in mind as well. If the foundation claims to oxidize, get a shade lighter to your skin tone.
During summer, when people usually get tanned, opt for one shade darker than your perfect shade. If you are still confused, stick with your perfectly matched shade. You can lighten the shade by applying translucent powder on top of it or just applying bronzers in the summer.
Match Your Concealer With Your Foundation
A concealer is identical to a foundation except, it is generally thicker. We can use concealer for two purposes. Beauty experts instruct that everyone must have at least two concealer shades in their arsenal, one lighter, one darker.
One is for highlighting purposes or blending the imperfections into the skin by hiding any scars, pigmentations, age spots, etc. You should always apply concealer on top of your foundation. So it does not smudge.
If you want to get a concealer for highlighting purposes, grab at least two shades lighter than your actual skin shade. If you are looking to hide any blemishes or pigmentation, get the perfect shade that matches your skin tone.
Grab a Loose Powder According to Your Undertones
In setting powders, One is compact pressed powders; the other one is a loose powder.
Both work their best to set your base in place. You can use pressed powders in winters when you need that dewy look but need your makeup intact.
Loose powder comes in handy in summer when you sweat a lot. They are available on different undertones. The pink undertone is appropriate for cool-toned people and the yellow powder for warm or neutral-toned people.